What are the most common diseases in dogs? We will cover the most common diseases in dogs along with their common symptoms. This way, you will be alert and know when to take your canine to the vet if these infectious disease symptoms present themselves.
What Is The Canine Parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus is an infectious viral disease that is covered within the dog’s vaccination schedule. It is a viral infection that mainly affects the intestines and the heart. Although your puppy is vaccinated against parvo, this disease is very abundant in Spain, and puppies can contract it when they come into contact with the poop of a dog that is a carrier of this pathology.
Symptoms of Canine Parvovirus:
- Diarrhea or bloody diarrhea
- Weight Loss
More than half of the dogs (especially puppies) that suffer from this infectious disease die. So, do not hesitate to run to the vet if your dog has any of these symptoms. The life of your pet depends on it.
Your dog’s survival against parvo will depend on the severity of the disease and the speed of treatment options. That is why you have must take quick action if you believe your dog has parvo. Also, make sure to comply with the regular vaccination schedule against parvo. It is the best weapon you have to avoid contagion. Both parvo, canine distemper, rabies virus, and hepatitis are all covered with vaccinations administered as a puppy; preventing your dog from becoming an infected dog.
What Is Gastric TorsionIn Dogs?
Gastric torsion in dogs is a disease that occurs more frequently in large breeds like Saint Bernards, German Shepherds, Dobermans, and Great Danes. The disease in question involves a great dilation and torsion of the stomach caused by the accumulation of gases, food, or liquids.
A very negative habit that can sometimes lead to this disease is eating very fast and swallowing substantial pieces of food. Watch out for this, as all of this causes the stomach to swell and become excessively inflamed. If a stomach turn is also added to the mix, everything becomes more complicated since liquids and gases accumulate and prevent your pet from burping or vomiting, typically ending with stomach or gastric torsion.
Symptoms of Gastric Torsion:
- Inflammation of the stomach
- Stress and anxiety
- Inability to burp or vomit
- Lack of appetite
- Excess salivation
If your pet falls within the aforementioned larger breeds, the best thing you can do is, as always, prevent it. How do you prevent gastric torsion? Well, you must teach your dog to eat more slowly and in addition to providing them with small pet foods. This can be accomplished using basic clicker-type positive reinforcement techniques.
In addition, you can try giving your pet their food dispensers and kong-type feeders as this forces the dog to eat more slowly.
What Is Kidney Failure In Dogs?
Kidney failure is characterized by the dog’s progressive and irreversible loss of kidney function. The problem with this disease is that it is difficult to prevent since many dogs suffer from it genetically. That is, some canine pets have an inherited predisposition.
Other factors that may result in this disease and that we can prevent are poisoning, infections, and harmful reactions to certain medications.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure:
- Loss of appetite
- Variations in food consumption and urination
We highly recommended hiding medications, cleaning products, and antifreeze in a place that your dog can not get to as they can cause kidney failure.
What Is Lyme Disease In Dogs?
Lyme disease is a parasitic disease caused by infected ticks; it is common for these parasites to be transmitted to dogs. The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to avoid taking your dog to places where infected ticks abound and to use an antiparasitic color or another product that is applied directly to the dog’s coat.
- Lameness of one or more legs
- Loss of appetite
- Stiffness of movements
- Kidney failure
If your dog experiences any of these symptoms after being bit by a tick, run to the vet. The vet will give your dog an antibiotic treatment.
What Is Canine Filariasis In Dogs?
Canine filariasis, or heartworm, is a parasitic infection that is caused when a dog is bit by a mosquito that is infested with the larvae of the “Dirofilaria”. These parasites are then transmitted to the dog. This infectious disease can be prevented by using a canine filariasis preventive vaccine or by using antiparasitics such as collars or topical pipettes.
The disease is easily contracted by the bite of an infected mosquito. Spain is an endemic area for these worms so take extreme precautions if you are in this area, as advanced cases of this infectious disease are fatal.
Symptoms of Canine Filariasis:
- Shortness of breath
- Stress and anxiety
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of hearing
- Ear infection
- Hair loss
- Acute cough
If your dog experiences any of these symptoms it is important that you take him to the vet. The vet will administer the appropriate tests and provide your dog with the appropriate medication based on the severity and progression of the infectious disease.
What Is Chocolate Poisoning In Dogs?
I don’t think I need to repeat it as you all know that chocolate is extremely toxic to your canine pet. Despite this common knowledge, visits to the vet for poisoning caused by eating chocolate are very frequent. In fact, it is the second leading cause of poisonings that come to the clinic. Do you know which is the first? It is poisoning from another type of chocolate, the one that is smoked. (Marijuana and hashish, vulgarly called chocolate).
The main factors that determine the severity of the poisoning are the amount and type of chocolate that was eaten. In this case, the size of your dog matters, the smaller they are, the more likely they are to become intoxicated since large amounts affect smaller breeds more than larger breeds. It is not the same for a German shepherd to eat 10 grams of chocolate as it is for a Chihuahua to eat 10 grams of chocolate.
Symptoms of Chocolate Poisoning:
- Breathing irregularities
- Heartbeat irregularities
If your dog eats chocolate by accident, run to the vet since it can be deadly in large quantities in small breeds. Also, be very careful with chocolate and make sure it is always out of your dog’s reach. So, if you think your dog has eaten chocolate, don’t wait to take him to the doctor.
What Is Cancer In Dogs?
Cancer in dogs is very widespread and growing. So much so that recent studies reveal that almost 50% of dogs in the United States suffer from cancer at advanced ages. And to this, we must also add the increase in longevity of our pets in recent years. Because of this, pets live longer, and therefore the rate of cancer increases.
It is important to take your dog for regular periodic check-ups at the vet in search of this type of disease since the sooner it is detected, the more likely the animal will survive.
Cancer is typically difficult to detect based on its clinical signs, but drastic changes in behavior and habits usually precede it. Therefore, we must be alert to “warning” signs.
Symptoms of Cancer:
- Suspicious bumps (external or internal)
- Loss of weight
- Loss of appetite
Some malignant tumors are more serious than others. Skin lymphoma is one of the most common and easiest to treat, others are not so much. That is why I repeat you must take your pet to the vet regularly to control this issue. Another high-risk factor is the dog’s genetics. Many times cancer is inherited.
What Is A Fungal Disease In Dogs?
Fungal disease is another common problem in dogs. Fungus abounds on the floor and walls and is usually transmitted by spores in the air. This disease is very easily spread as all your furry friend has to do is inhale these spores.
There are many types of fungi that cause fungal disease, some being worse than others; affecting the liver, lungs, or brain. The latter can cost your dog his life. So be very careful with fungal disease.
Worst Types of Fungal Disease:
- Valley fever
One of the great problems related to these fungi, and more specifically those that cause blastomycosis, is that they are difficult to diagnose and are often not well treated because they are confused with another type of fungus. Ask your veterinarian for the blast test if you are unsure if your dog has been exposed to fungi, just to be on the safe side even if your dog has no clinical signs of infection.