There are two types of feline diabetes. Diabetes insipidus is a hormonal disorder of the water balance of the feline body. The urine no longer accumulates, and your feline visits its litter box very often, even often not on time. This diabetes is rare, and veterinary treatment is based on the intake of hormones.
Diabetes mellitus, known as sugar disease, is much more common. This is because the pancreas regulates insulin production in the cat’s metabolism. Insulin, in turn, is in charge of the correct absorption of sugars in cells. It is a critical task since sugar is the most important source of energy in the body. When it becomes unbalanced by diabetes, it can have serious consequences. The two most common signs of diabetes noticed by owners at home are weight loss despite a good appetite and increased thirst and urination.
There are two types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes in cats is an autoimmune disease. That is, the feline’s metabolism destroys the cells responsible for the production of insulin. As a result, the pancreas stops making insulin. This disease can also appear at an early age.
Type 2 diabetes in cats occurs when somatic cells have developed a high tolerance to insulin and no longer react to body insulin. As a result, they have trouble metabolizing sugar in the blood. The pancreas tries to balance this deficiency by increasing insulin production. As a result, the metabolic process of glucose is destabilized, and the blood glucose level skyrockets.
Obesity is a predisposing factor in type 2 diabetes, which appears to be the most common type of feline diabetes. Due to the high percentage of body fat, overweight and older cats are the most prone to type 2 diabetes. The most normal clinical signs are increased water intake or frequent visits to the litter box, lack of cleaning, weight loss despite gluttony, rough coat, listlessness, nausea, and vomiting. Although obesity is the biggest risk factor for developing feline diabetes, it’s not the only one. Feeding a high-carbohydrate diet can also predispose a cat to become diabetic.
Does my cat have Feline diabetes?
If you suspect that your kitten has feline diabetes, it is necessary to go to the vet. The first thing you will do is to check its blood glucose level. The blood sugar level of a healthy cat is between 90-130 mg/dl or 4-8 mmol / l. If it is above 200 mg/dl or 12 mmol / l, one begins to suspect feline diabetes. The test is done repeatedly to ensure that the diagnosis is correct. This can be done by your vet or by yourself, as today, there are simple test methods that you can use at home.
Treating Feline Diabetes
Your veterinarian may recommend that you constantly check the blood sugar of your feline to accurately detail the blood glucose curve and determine how the glucose levels within your cat change over time. During the blood glucose curve, the cat’s blood sugar will be checked before receiving an insulin injection and then every 1-4 hours throughout the day based on what is recommended by the vet. The blood glucose curve can be used to get a rough estimate of blood sugar control over a period of time and then proper treatment can be recommended.
If the diagnosis is positive, the focus will shift to treatment. The main way to treat feline diabetes is insulin therapy. Type 1 diabetes can only be treated with insulin. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly measure the blood glucose level to ensure that the feline has the correct amount of insulin. If the cat’s blood sugar level does drop too low, the vet may elect to lower the insulin dose.
Type 2 diabetes can often be cured by changing your cat’s lifestyle and eating habits. Sometimes it is necessary to combine this with insulin doses controlled by a veterinarian. This means that an adapted and appropriate diet is essential.
Older cats, cats that were treated with steroid medication, and cats that have received glargine insulin therapy have been shown in veterinarian studies to be more likely to go into diabetic remission. However, the most important factor in treating feline diabetes and going into remission to start insulin therapy early on and closely monitor the health of your cat to prevent the disease from progressing any further.
Proper diet for Feline diabetes
Pre-made cat food is believed to be the cause of the onset of feline diabetes. If proper nutrition is important for a healthy feline, imagine how important it is for a diabetic cat!
Wild cats feed on small prey mainly composed of meat and offal that provide a perfect quality protein. They get much of their energy from this protein. Carbohydrates can only be processed in small amounts. However, many pre-made foods do not follow this nutritional model.
Cheap fillers and plant by-products make the carb percentage skyrocket. This overloads the metabolism and the pancreas, responsible for producing digestive enzymes to digest this inadequate diet. In addition, dry food has a much lower humidity percentage than wet food. Therefore, your mustachioed needs to drink more. Otherwise, the urine would concentrate, and the dissipative organs would be overloaded. However, cats do not usually visit the drinking fountain much.
What is the appropriate food for cats with diabetes?
The first step is to change to a feed that is as natural as possible with high protein content and few carbohydrates. Dietary fiber and crude fiber are responsible for regulating digestion. A diabetic cat should not eat carbohydrates. Many cat lovers prefer to feed their kitten raw meat, a good nutritional concept that requires good organization.
Food for diabetic cats
Diet for diabetic cats can help regulate blood glucose levels. Your vet will be able to recommend different brands. In general, they are good support for veterinary treatment. Ensure that the diet food contains a lot of protein and few carbohydrates and plant substances, as they worsen the condition of feline diabetes.
Spreading meals into small portions throughout the day helps balance your blood sugar level. Don’t let your cat go hungry, but don’t let him eat too much either.
As you can see, feline diabetes is not terminal but can be treated with veterinary support and proper nutrition.