It’s common for dog owners to want to spoil their dogs by sharing table scraps with them or giving them one of their favorite people’s snacks instead of a dog treat. Many people assume since it is safe for human consumption, it must be safe for their furry friends. However, that is not necessarily the case.
For us, eating fruit is usually synonymous with health, and the temptation can be great to share our snack or dessert with our favorite furry, especially when he sits next to us with his puppy dog eyes. But we must be careful when giving this food to our dog since not all fruits and vegetables are good for him.
Things to keep in mind before giving fruit to our dog
Dogs are carnivorous mammals, unlike people who are omnivores. That means that their diet should be based on meats of other species and not so much on fruit and vegetables. For this reason, fruit and vegetables should only be a little occasional treat that we give to our dog, but never in large quantities.
It is also important to remember that every time we give our dog fruit, we are giving it sugar (natural yes, but it is still sugar), and we must take this into account when counting its total intake of sugars in a day. Dogs have a different glucose regulation system than we do and can quickly slip into hyperglycemia.
Knowing that it is still true that fruit and vegetables are an excellent source of vitamins and nutrients, fruit can provide a series of benefits to our dog’s diet. Thanks to their high fiber content, they have an interesting satiating power for the most gluttonous dogs. But you cannot give just any fruit to a dog.
If we look at greens and vegetables, we must be careful with garlic, onion, and leek. In large amounts, they can cause damage to red blood cells. These blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood.
Avocado is a forbidden food for dogs; avocado poisoning in a dog can translate into digestive problems (vomiting, diarrhea…) as well as respiratory or cardiovascular problems. As for all the fruits and vegetables dangerous for dogs mentioned above, in case of accidental ingestion, we recommend going as soon as possible to the nearest veterinarian.
6 fruits that you can give your dog
Melon: take care to remove all the seeds before giving melon to your dog. You have to give it to him in pieces, having removed the skin before as well. Be careful with the quantities, as melon is a pretty sweet fruit. In excess, it could also prevent good digestion in your furry.
Watermelon: loaded with water, watermelon helps hydrate while satiating hunger. Of course, you must be careful to give our furry only pieces of seedless watermelon and in limited quantities.
Strawberry: loaded with antioxidants; they are an excellent source of vitamin C, it becomes an easy, tasty treat to give to our furry friends; be sure to cut the leaves off of the strawberry before giving it to your dog. Like all fruits, give them to your pet in limited amounts because strawberries also have a diuretic effect.
Peach: either the peach or the nectarine, both fruits can be good options, as long as the stone has been removed. The small hair on the skin of the peach can cause allergic reactions in certain people, also in dogs. Better to do a previous test or directly opt for the nectarine.
Apple: rich in fiber and with little sugar content, it is an ideal option. Be sure to cut them into small pieces and remove the seeds from the center of the fruit.
Pear: diced, it can be a sweet treat for your dog. Pear contains many antioxidants (vitamin C and E) and is a great source of water. Be careful to remove the seeds, as we have been saying in the previous list. This part of the fruit contains cyanide, which is a certain amount that could be harmful to our dog. Also, with large pits like in the peach, there is a risk of choking and intestinal obstruction.
Can Dogs Eat Vegetables?
What vegetables can your dog eat with total guarantee knowing that they are appropriate and will be good for him? What happens if you give your pet vegetables like tomatoes, carrots, cucumbers, avocados, corn, broccoli, or onion? We are going to see which vegetables are recommended for a correct diet to feed your canine friend and which ones are not.
What vegetables can you incorporate into your dog’s diet? The other day, walking through the market, I was buying fruits and vegetables to fill the fridge, and in addition to choosing fruits for me, I also looked for vegetables for my dog. At one of the vegetable stalls in the market, I stopped and told the vendor to give me peas and carrots for my dog.
When I go to pay, the shopkeeper tells me, take these two onions as a gift. And I said, thank you, but better not, my dog will feel terrible if he eats them. The seller’s response was resounding.
This anecdote made me realize that many people do not know which vegetables they can feed their dog and which ones they cannot. So let’s see which ones are recommended and which ones are not, and in what quantities.
List of most common vegetables recommended for dogs
The first thing we have to know and keep in mind is that dogs are omnivores and eat everything. Yes, but evolutionarily they come from the wolf and a strict carnivore diet. That is why vegetables should be part of your dog’s diet regularly, but in lesser amounts than protein from meat.
Green peas: another highly recommended and healthy vegetable if you include them in your dog’s diet. It has a lot of plant protein, vitamin B12, and magnesium.
Celery: another very healthy vegetable for your pet, as a treat and especially for dogs that are overweight or tend to get fat. If your beloved pet does not like exercise or eats a lot, celery is going to be great for him since it is almost all water and only provides some fiber and little else.
Green beans or lima beans: A vegetable that you can include in healthy food for your pet, only in small doses of 5 or 7% of the total diet. You can give it raw or cooked, and always without salt.
Corn and popcorn: Another vegetable that you can give your pet without problems, just taking into account some details below.
Fresh corn kernels are fine as a supplement to your dog’s diet, just don’t give them a whole ear. They can damage the walls of the digestive tract due to the hard interior of the ear. So keep in mind to only give the kernels from the cob.
As for popcorn, you can give it to him without problems, just don’t abuse it. They can also be very useful as rewards for good work in training and in positive training methods such as clicker training. Also, be sure the popcorn is plain and does not contain butter or salt.
Cucumber: are very rich and healthy vegetables for your dog. If you peel them and cut them into thin slices, your pet will love it. As for the pickled cucumbers, it is better if you eat them yourself and do not give any to the dog. They are somewhat tough on your dog’s stomach.
Carrots: are vegetables that you can give your dog without problems. If you give them cut into strips or in small pieces, they will be a very useful natural “treat” as a reward in positive reinforcement training such as basic obedience exercises.
Vegetables To Be Cautious Of
Tomatoes: What about tomatoes? Are they healthy and safe for my pet? Well, it is a question that strictly depends on the daily amounts of tomato you give your dog. The tomato is one of those vegetables that, if you eat too much, it can become harmful. Excessive consumption by your dog can cause heart, kidney, and nervous system problems.
Tomatoes have solanine and tomatine, two toxic glycoalkaloids, for us and our pets. These substances are mainly found in leaves, stems, and the fruit when it is green. When the tomato ripens, it loses these alkaloids drastically. So when we eat ripe, red tomatoes, they have almost no toxic substances. That’s why they suit us so well. But those same minimal levels of solanine and tomatine in the dog can be fatal.
Broccoli: is a vegetable that you can add to your pet’s regular diet without problems, only in small amounts. (Like most vegetables, in moderation.) No more than 5 to 7% of the total meal for the day. But broccoli is used mainly because it provides many vitamins, fiber, and manganese, and they act as an anti-cancer and cellular antioxidant.
Potatoes: are a source of slow-absorbing carbohydrates and fiber, as well as B vitamins, selenium, and potassium. The important thing you should know about potatoes is this: The whole potato plant has solanine (like the tomato), including the tuber. But it is removed when cooking the potato. Never feed your dog raw potatoes.
Onions and garlic: consuming onions or garlic will cause hemolytic anemia in your dog. This pathology breaks down red blood cells, and your dog stops receiving oxygen little by little. The outcome of this matter usually ends very badly. So never give onion or garlic to your pet under any circumstances.