When it comes to intestinal problems in dogs, you must keep in mind that not only is the use of medications required to cure the disease but you will also need to feed your dog an appropriate diet. When drug treatment is not combined with a special diet, your dog will not achieve the best results.
One of the main clinical signs of a gastrointestinal condition in dogs is vomiting. The first thing you should do to solve this disease is to set aside all the necessary nutrients that your pet needs so gastric irritation is reduced.
In many cases, the restriction on fluids within their diet will remain for 24 hours, and the restriction on solid foods up to 48 hours (only in dogs that are stable and do not have symptoms that indicate dehydration). This is often enough time to get the problem under control. After that time has passed, your dog will be able to eat its pet food again in small quantities and with a frequency of up to three times a day.
Vomiting is usually accompanied by another series of symptoms such as diarrhea, loss of appetite, or malnutrition. Therefore it will be necessary to implement other measures in your dog’s diet and stronger medications.
What is Gastritis In Dogs?
Gastritis is considered one of the first reasons why chronic vomiting appears in a dog. For inflammation like this to happen, the gastric mucosa has to be affected, which can occur from eating toxic food, consuming a strange object, or incorrect administration of medications; causing inflammatory bowel disease.
It is important that you seek the help of a vet if your dog is vomiting yellow and blood is present. Apart from this vomiting, there may also be diarrhea, abdominal pain, lack of appetite, and very dangerous dehydration.
The veterinarian will carry out a series of studies to determine why gastritis has occurred, which may be through blood or urine tests to rule out problems that affect the kidneys. Fecal samples may also be collected to test for parasites. The vet may also choose to conduct an X-ray or ultrasound to determine if there is a foreign body in the dog.
Once the cause of the disease has been determined, the first thing to do is to attack its origin, which may well be the extraction of an object. It will also be necessary to administer medications and carry out a strict diet. You must bear in mind that to solve any gastrointestinal problem, the first thing to do is restore oral feeding.
If oral feeding is suspended for a certain time, the mucosa can suffer atrophy which will cause intestinal and digestive tract dysfunction. However, there are cases where the administration of food using a tube through the nose can make the vomiting stop without resorting to medications.
What Are Small intestine Issues in Dogs?
These types of problems occur very frequently in dogs due to the diversity of both acute and chronic enteropathies that can affect them. The main reasons for this are alterations within the small intestine, alterations in diet, agents that can cause infections, viruses, the presence of parasites, or even the administration of certain medications.
Malabsorptive or osmotic diarrhea is the most common diarrhea in dogs. This occurs when nutrients have not been properly absorbed within the intestine, a passive irregularity can occur in the water that is directed towards the intestine, which ends up becoming diarrhea. The cause of this is generally poor digestion, excessive eating, and poor absorption of food. To solve diarrhea like this, the dog must fast for approximately 24 to 36 hours.
Diarrhea due to alteration in the permeability of the mucosa is another form of diarrhea. The intestine is made up of epithelial junctions, blood capillaries, lymphatic vessels, and the entire organization of the immune system. When a problem occurs in any of these structures, it can lead to diarrhea. The expulsion of stool may contain blood, and a specific diet will not be enough to solve this kind of diarrhea without seeking medical attention.
Diarrhea due to impaired gastrointestinal motility is another form of diarrhea that is fairly common; it is also known as ileus. When there are no contractions within the small intestine, it takes shape as a tube and causes ingested food to pass through it too quickly.
Acute gastroenteritis refers to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, meaning the stomach and the intestines. This is an inflammatory bowel disease that occurs in the small intestine and can be derived from gastritis that has become acute.
The main reasons for acute gastroenteritis in dogs are toxic elements or poor diet.
Dogs that suffer from a problem like this commonly present vomiting, although in most cases, the dog may show loss of appetite, diarrhea, and even depression. This gastrointestinal tract issue may be caused if you changed the diet of your furry friend.
It is crucial to determine what caused the disease as your dog’s life may be in danger if it is not treated quickly. Symptoms that indicate that your dog’s life is at risk include pain in the abdomen, severe dehydration, blood in the stool, and a very high fever.
Just like with diarrhea, water must be the main nutrient provided to a dog suffering from acute gastroenteritis, since through vomiting and diarrhea, many fluids will be lost. Electrolytes and glucose must be balanced and controlled, as well as the general balance of intestinal tract fluids.
What Are Large Intestine issues in dogs?
Colitis in dogs is among the most common disorders that can affect a dog’s large intestine. It is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation in the colon, which is an area of the intestine responsible for the absorption of water, so when it becomes inflamed, it can cause diarrhea. The symptoms that colitis causes in dogs are the presence of mucus in the stool and blood, and, in the most acute cases, the dogs will suffer severe weakness.
The most common reason for acute colitis is an eating disorder due to loss of appetite or the presence of parasites such as Trichuris vulpis. This type of disorder can occur due to excessive food consumption, sudden change in diet, the consumption of garbage and spoiled food, nutrients that cannot be digested, and toxic elements.
On the other hand, you have to be very attentive to the calendar for deworming your dog.
The root cause of colitis can be difficult to detect because there is a myriad of different conditions and problems that can lead to diarrhea. Therefore, it is of greater importance to consider the state of health of the dog and thus rule out possible risks.
For the most part, when dogs suffer from acute colitis in their large intestine, stopping solid food intake plus fluid intake for up to 48 hours can lessen or even solve the problem.
What Are Ten most common parasites in dogs?
Hookworms are a type of parasite that has several species. They are a type of zoonotic parasite, which means that they are transmissible to humans.
They are transmitted in three different ways; by penetrating the skin, orally through the ingestion of eggs, or by lactation through the milk of an infected mother.
This parasite can be seen in puppies that are two weeks of age. Clinical signs of infection include anemia and constant diarrhea, that if not cared for can cause death. In older dogs, clinical signs include iron deficiency or anemia.
Roundworms are another parasite that is common in cats and dogs. The scientific name is Toxocara canis. It can be transferred to your pet by ingesting infected eggs or if the mother has transferred it through breastfeeding or even through the placenta.
Clinical signs of this parasite include growth failure, abdominal pain or discomfort, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and even gastrointestinal obstruction. Adult dogs can even expel worms through their feces.
Canine coccidia, also known as Cystoisospora canis, generally affect puppies causing watery and even hemorrhagic diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration, constant vomiting, and anorexia, as the puppy stops feeding because of its discomfort. Dogs develop immunity against the infection of this parasite, and in maturity, they even have no symptoms. However, it is another of the parasites that can manifest at an early age. They can be transmitted through an unhygienic environment and by oral and fecal routes.
Cryptosporidia are transmitted in the same way as canine coccidia, in addition to the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Similarly, puppies are the most likely to suffer from these parasites. However, unlike canine coccidia, it can also infect humans.
They have an incubation period that can be from two days to two weeks. Its symptoms include acute and watery diarrhea.
Intestinal strongyloides, also know as strongyloides stercoralis, can affect your dog as well as you.
This parasite is mainly found in Europe, but it has a greater proliferation in the south of the continent. It has an incubation period of almost ten days, as it depends on the route of transmission, which can be by penetration, lactation, or self-infection of the dog’s body.
Echinococcus granulosus is another type of parasite that does not detrimentally affect the animal since no clinical signs can detect it. However, this parasite greatly impacts humans and livestock since it has been detected throughout the chest, liver, lungs, and heart.
It can cause functional failure in the affected organs, and you may not know that you are infected since symptoms rarely appear. The incubation period can last years since the cysts grow slowly.
Giardia canina is very similar to cryptosporidia, it affects humans, and its transmission routes are fecal and oral infection in contaminated food and water intake. In addition to infecting you, it also infects other mammals. It has a short incubation period of just three days to two weeks.
The symptoms observed in young dogs or puppies are acute diarrhea because they do not have a fever and remain active, unlike other parasites that cause the animal to decay, even emotionally.
Esophageal worm, also know as Spirocerca Lupi, is common for pets who work in the field since the infestation usually occurs through contact with other animals like the dung beetle or by eating rodents or chicken entrails. It has an incubation period of approximately six months, affecting the gastric and esophagus walls. It is common to see cases of this type in tropical and subtropical areas.
Generally, there are no clinical signs. However, when the infection worsens, symptoms that your pet could have are vomiting, weight loss, cough, discomfort in his chest, and, in the worst case, aortic aneurysm.
Canine tapeworm, also known as Dipylidium caninum, manifests itself in dogs and cats. This parasite can infect humans, and its route of transmission is through the ingestion of infected lice or fleas. Therefore, it is common for it to occur since these animals, being external parasites, usually cause itching.
There are usually no symptoms. However, in the worst case, this parasite can cause intestinal obstruction or enteritis. Your dog may choose to scoot on his front legs due to the itching and irritation caused in the anus, thanks to the expulsion of segments of the parasite in the stool.
Whipworm, also known as Trichuris vulpis, can take approximately three months to mature from when it enters your dog’s body. It is common throughout Europe, but they are more prolific in the center and south of the continent due to their temperature.
The infection is caused by the accidental ingestion of these eggs and can live in your pet’s body for up to a year and a half. It does not usually present symptoms, but in some cases, there is acute diarrhea with colic and even mucus and blood in the expulsion of stools. This diarrhea can cause weight loss and anemia.
All of these parasites can be treated and diagnosed with regular veterinary checkups. It is important to deworm your dog every three to four months. This will prevent infection.
If you suspect that your pet may have a parasite, run to the vet; and if there are parasite infestations in the area that you live, avoid taking them for a walk in those areas.