Mucuchíes - Dog Breed Information - Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

Mucuchíes – Dog Breed Information – Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

The Mucuchíes dog is quite unknown in Europe and Asia but is really iconic in certain places. Such is the case of Venezuela, where it is the most emblematic dog breed and is considered the national dog breed. And this is not by chance since there are historical reasons for such consideration.

Mucuchíes is a loving and very attentive dog. He lives for his family since he is extremely protective, which comes from the long tradition of Mucuchíes as a watchdog. 

Mucuchíes

Origin of the Mucuchíes dog

The Mucuchíes dog is originally from Venezuela, and vet Wilender Ferrari is given responsibility for the crosses that gave rise to the first litter of Mucuchíes. They are the only native dog breed from Venezuela; born in the Venezuelan mountains. This breed has a renowned ancestry, with breeds such as the Spanish Mastiff, the Pyrenean Mastiff, or the Aïdi in its genealogical line. And it is not surprising because it is said that the Mucuchíes arises from the crossings between dogs brought to Venezuela by the colonists to exercise as guard dogs and shepherds in the XV-XVI century.

However, it is not its genetics that makes the Mucuchíes dog famous, it is that one of these dogs accompanied Simón Bolívar, after being given as a gift, in his campaigns, coming to save his life. This made the breed proclaim itself as a breed of the nation, expanding by leaps and bounds throughout Venezuela. In 1961 an official breed club was created, which was declared an official breed of Venezuela in 1964.

Mucuchíes dog characteristics

The Mucuchíes dog is of great size, with a height at the withers comprised between 55 and 71 centimeters and a weight of between 33 and 50 kilograms in the male specimens and between 30 and 37 in the female ones.

These dogs have a robust body with an athletic constitution, so they are impressive. They are of balanced proportions, with solid but agile limbs. They normally have a double spur on the hind legs, a single one on the front ones, and a long tail covered by dense and abundant fur. The coat is woolly, with two varieties: smooth and wavy, although it is always hard, long, and very dense.

The head is elongated, generous in size, and with a pronounced snout that ends in always black truffle. The ears of medium size usually fall on the sides of their head, have a triangular shape, but with rounded tips, keeping the lines smooth and rounded throughout their constitution. Her oblique and very expressive eyes have a brown color and a tremendously sweet look. They are known for their large black nose on the end of their snouts.

Mucuchíes dog colors

The colors registered for the Mucuchíes breed are:

  • solid white
  • white spotted with honey color in different shades
  • white with black spots

However, colors such as black with white spots and spots with gray or red colors are considered undesirable, being classified as a defect when evaluating the breed standard of each specimen.

Mucuchíes puppy

The Mucuchíes dog is calm by nature from his puppy stage. Thus, although he likes to play and attention, he is not restless. He is obedient and very sleepy, and not very nervous in his first months. But, of course, from a young age, his entrenched guardian instinct begins to be noticed, reacting with distrust and even with aggressiveness when in contact with strangers.

For this reason, in breeds such as Mucuchíes, traditionally dedicated to surveillance, it is recommended to carry out exhaustive socialization when they are still puppies. This prevents them from being excessively distrustful and from reacting aggressively to those they consider as strangers when perhaps it is about visits like friends or family.

Personality Of Mucuchíes

The temperament of a Mucuchíes dog is characterized by being strong but balanced. That is to say, these dogs tend to have a determined character and lack fear or cowardice, but at the same time, they are brilliant, active, noble, and docile. 

Although they are very suspicious of strange people, they are extremely loving and affectionate towards their owners and loved ones. They act as protectors of all of them, so they don’t mind risking their lives in search of saving those they love. Likewise, his skills as a nanny dog have been highlighted because they are attentive and very patient with the little ones.

Despite the benefits of the breed, it should be noted that it is a dog that needs space, both indoors and outdoors, so it is not advisable to keep it in a small apartment or flat. You need to carry out abundant daily activity since it becomes very restless and nervous if you lead a sedentary life.

Mucuchíes dog care

Caring for these devoted companions is not difficult since it is not a very demanding breed in terms of care. In fact, it is a tremendously grateful breed in this area as well. However, perhaps the aspect that requires the most attention is daily exercise since it is a dog that needs to be active through walks and games. In addition, he loves to run, so he often needs wide open spaces to be able to do it freely and safely, away from dangers such as roads, cars, or trains.

About the previous point, another item of care in regard to Mucuchíes to take into account is environmental enrichment in the home. Being an active dog, it is essential to offer various toys and play intelligence games at home that offer mental stimulation.

On the other hand, the Mucuchíes dog’s coat does not require too much attention. Although it needs to be brushed several times a week given its characteristics, as it is dense and long if it is done regularly, it is not a task requiring too much time.  Furthermore, when brushing and bathing, it is recommended to check the animal’s coat to check if it has any external parasites such as fleas or ticks or spikes between its pads, ears, or nose, which are annoying painful if they are stuck.

Mucuchíes dog education

Mucuchíes are, as mentioned above, dogs of guardian tradition, who have always carried out surveillance tasks on farms and homes. Therefore, being vigilant dogs have instincts to be suspicious of those who are not known. This can cause violent or unpleasant reactions to visits or during walks, so it is necessary to carry out specific training focused on socialization. In this sense, it is advisable to carry out early socialization, that is, when the animal is still a puppy, although that does not mean that a dog cannot be socialized when it is an adult.

In addition to socialization, this breed does not need much more specific training beyond learning the basic commands and those necessary to perform its tasks, as it will not be the same training for a companion dog, which will be more focused in this case on coexistence familiar than that of a watchdog. In any case, we are dealing with a dog that learns quickly and tends to show a lot of interest during the sessions, so it is essential to take advantage of this predisposition to educate and train it through activities and games. Positive reinforcement is always the best option when training a dog of any breed or mixed breed.

Mucuchíes dog health

The health of this breed is quite solid since there is no record showing that it has congenital diseases. But, of course, given its large size, it can develop joint conditions typical of giant and large breeds, such as hip dysplasia. In this case, prevention is the best, which is why it is advisable to carry out periodic radiological check-ups to detect joint anomalies early.

Apart from the above, the only thing the Mucuchíes needs to be healthy is to make regular visits to the vet. Then, general check-ups are carried out that include periodic vaccinations and deworming. Thus, Mucuchíes can be protected from viral and bacterial diseases as serious as lethal rabies.

Where to adopt a mucuchíes dog

The Mucuchíes dog is not a very common dog except in certain countries, such as Venezuela, where it is trendy and abundant. Therefore, it may not be easy to adopt a Mucuchíes if your country of residence is not one of those where it is more common to find it with ample breeding taking place. However, we always recommend going to associations and shelters near your residence to discover which other animals are looking for a home. Who knows, maybe you can find one of these dogs there.

Be that as it may, the important thing is to be aware of what adopting involves, seeing it as a commitment for life, until the animal leaves after a life full of love and affection. They are not a toy, so deciding to adopt an animal must be a very thoughtful and considered decision.

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