Personality Of The Poodle
Poodle lovers rate them as the most intelligent dogs in the world. They are not far wrong. In fact, the Poodle breed is known for its extraordinary capacity for learning and training. For example, the Poodle Munito II, famous for performing in circuses and among crowds and bustle in the 19th century, is capable of spelling and calculating. These extremes do not occur in most cases, but Poodle dogs learn very quickly and have an exceptional memory. For example, they can remember the name of all their toys, and if you ask them, they will bring you the desired object.
Thanks to their great capacity for learning and their loyal and close character, Poodles can be very useful in different areas. Whether as a guide, rescue, protection, therapy, or family dog: Poodles always stand out. They adapt easily and can be taken anywhere without a problem. In addition, they are very open and friendly with people. Their empathy, calmness, and the fact that they willingly accept physical contact from strangers make them excellent therapy dogs. It’s also no wonder that they are such popular family pets.
When living with their humans, confident Poodles are good-natured, cheerful, and playful. They really enjoy games like throwing a ball or a stick. Although they give themselves body and soul to their family, they have their own personality and like to be the center of attention. However, humans are not a competition for them; they are their audience. Aggressive behaviors of biting are almost non-existent in these friendly Poodle dogs.
Similarly, they are very calm and peaceful in encounters with other quadrupeds. Despite this, it is better to raise these furry ones close to people and lovers of the public alone. Due to their eagerness to learn, which already shows up in puppies, Poodles are very easy to train. Their sociability and good behavior make them delightful companions for all kinds of situations.
Appearance Of The Poodle
The Poodle is one of the most elegant and proud companion dogs in the world.
Its harmonious proportion, the wiggle when walking, and the kinky or curly coat, which can be seen in a wide variety of peculiar cuts and hairstyles, give it a somewhat majestic appearance. The Poodle’s hair is fine, woolly, and dense. It is in continuous growth and does not go through the molting process. This breed does not lose hair, so it is necessary to cut it frequently. Whether it is artistically trimmed or natural-looking, the look of this depends on the taste of your caregiver. By nature, the Poodle breed belongs to that of long, rough-haired dogs.
The color of the coat varies as much as the types of cuts that can be made: it has a color range as wide as very few other breeds. The range ranges from black to silver, gray, white, and brown to pale tawny, reddish, and even orange (apricot). According to the breed standard, all colors must be as regular as possible. In addition, the eyelids, nose, lips, natural orifices, pads, and, in males, also the scrotum, must be well pigmented.
The kinky-haired Poodle wears its woolly hair well curled, giving it the typical Poodle look. Less common are tufted hair Poodles (also called Cordele), in which strings or dreadlocks that are at least 20 centimeters long are created.
According to size, there are four types of Poodle:
- Large Poodle: height at the withers 45 to 60 cm
- Standard Poodle: height at the withers 35 to 45 cm
- Dwarf Poodle: height at the withers 28 to 35 cm
- Miniature Poodle: height at the withers less than 28 cm
Despite the difference in size, all four Poodle variants have the same physical appearance. The rectilinear shape of the head and the almond-shaped eyes give it a noble and confident appearance. Also characteristic is the short back compared to the long legs. The tail is set quite high and rises slightly obliquely when moving. The hind limbs are very muscular, and in the past, they were often clipped to provide optimal space between the legs for use as a retriever. This shear that goes from the loin line to the hind legs has been perfected and created multiple variations in canine salons.
Origin And History Of The Poodle
The exact origin of the Poodle breed has not been determined. It is probable that, in ancient times, in the Roman Empire and Persia, similar dogs already existed. You could find these curly dogs in the Middle Ages, even in Hungary and Russia, and even France and Germany. Discussions about the country of origin did not subside until the thirties when the FCI (International Cynological Federation) recognized Poodles as an independent breed under standard number 172 of the most important cynological confederation. An agreement was reached on establishing France as the country of origin.
The French word Poodle is linked to the former field of work of this dog. The term comes from cane, which in French is the female of the duck. Starting in the 14th century, Poodles were used as retrieval dogs for wild birds. But, as seen throughout history and in the many paintings of the Renaissance, this frizzy-haired breed was specialized, above all, in hunting waterfowl (especially ducks).
At that time, there were only medium-sized Poodles, which today would be the size of the toy Poodle.
The pure breeding of this faithful and intelligent breed began at the beginning of the 20th century. Due to their developed training capacity and aptitude for learning, they were often seen performing in circuses, where they performed stunts for an enthusiastic audience. As a result of selective breeding, large, small, and dwarf Poodles emerged due to their appearance’s versatility, and their character had a great projection on the population. Thus, these original retriever dogs became companions and family dogs.
At the end of World War II, Poodles experienced their peak as family dogs. In the 1950s and 1960s, they even removed German Shepherds from their jobs. After that, anyone who was “someone” had a Poodle. Celebrities such as Maria Callas, Grace Kelly, Sir Winston Churchill, Thomas Mann, and John Steinbeck had the faithful, elegant, and proud company of this purebred dog.
Breeding And health
Throughout the history of Poodles, they have been raised in different sizes and colors. Still, apart from physical appearance, special emphasis has always been placed on reinforcing loyalty, intelligence, and the aptitude for learning in all variants. As a family dog, the ability to hunt was no longer necessary, so today, the hunting instinct in these dogs is non-existent. However, the collector instinct that this modern dog still maintains and that originally served to pull numerous ducks out of the water still connects it with its ancestors.
In the selection of the brood, special emphasis is placed on health and longevity. However, these dogs can also suffer from several breed-specific inherited diseases; this is because some breeders put appearance over robust health when choosing animals for breeding. The most common diseases are eye problems, such as progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts (both can lead to blindness), and joint problems. They are, above all, large dogs who can get hip dysplasia and patella luxation, in which the kneecap comes out of place. This causes the dog to limp.
Thanks to responsible breeding, the risk of the named genetic diseases has been reduced. This is why buying a Poodle from a serious breeder is so important. If you are interested in a puppy, inform yourself well about selecting the offspring, the conditions, and the veterinary examinations that the breeder performs on his animals. A reputable breeder follows the FCI requirements and is usually part of a breed association. Not only do they attach great importance to the health of the puppies, but they are also very aware of the parents and close relatives.
Therefore, healthy parents have puppies in good health. In this way, the appearance of hereditary diseases is avoided. Another indication that the breeder is serious is the price of his puppies: they usually cost between 800 and 1000 dollars, depending on the size. Please stay away from the presumed bargains because it is common that what you save, you end up paying in bills to the vet for your dog’s health problems. Veterinary costs for healthy animals are usually in a normal price range.
feeding Your Poodle
An adequate and good quality diet is a determining factor in the good health of your quadruped. The ideal food for your Poodle will depend on several factors such as age, weight, physical activity, and health. You can give him feed, wet or even fresh food. If you decide on feed, you should consider that, unlike wet or fresh food, it has many carbohydrates and that a small portion is enough to cover the energy need for a whole day.
A good meal has a balanced composition of nutrients. For reference, it should be 80 percent meat and 20 percent vegetables and grains. A mix of proteins, such as those found in meat and organ meats, with vitamins and minerals found in vegetables, grains, and rice, is ideal for your faithful canine friend. Whether you decide on the feed, wet, fresh, or raw food (BARF diet) will depend on what best suits your day-to-day.
After all, you want to maintain the type of diet for a long time. Many dogs do not tolerate food changes well. If you decide on a new brand or another change in nutrition, you should do it little by little. This way, your Poodle will get used to the new food without having to suffer gastrointestinal problems.
Good grooming is part of the proper keeping of a Poodle. The coat must be brushed several times a week to avoid knot formation. Since Poodles do not shed their hair, they must clip it often with a clipper or clipper. It is you who decides how marked you want the cut. Shearing from the middle of the back was suitable for use as a retriever, as it protected the lungs and heart from cold water and gave maximum leg freedom. Today these show and family dogs get quirky cuts, but it’s mostly for aesthetic reasons.
To avoid or detect possible diseases in time, it is recommended that the teeth, eyes, and ears are well controlled in addition to caring for the coat. The back and extremities should be palpated often and the nails must be kept short.
Ownership And Education
Having a Poodle is usually quite easy. His eagerness to learn and his closeness to people have made him one of the most popular and easy-to-train family dogs, ideal for first-timers. Since the Poodle can learn as a puppy and quickly memorizes the behavior of its role models, you must start early with basic obedience commands. Consistent education is essential for a harmonious coexistence between humans and dogs, even with those dogs that are easy to teach. Careless or bored Poodles often use their intelligence to develop certain behaviors that should be avoided at all costs.
Poodles involved in family life and receive a lot of attention are faithful, obedient, and kind-hearted dogs. They adapt very easily and are even comfortable in a flat in the middle of the city. What is important for this intelligent and athletic breed is that it is physically and mentally busy. To entertain your Poodle, it is convenient to create new stimuli. Dog sports are a great option for Poodles. Agility, obedience, dog dancing, or obedience rally bring great joy to your Poodle and will bring you together as a team.