Rottweiler - Dog Breed Information - Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

Rottweiler – Dog Breed Information – Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

Personality Of The Rottweiler

The standard of this dog breed of the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) recognizes the Rottweiler as number 147 within Group 2 together with the Molossian type dogs, the pinschers, the schnauzers, and the Swiss Cattle dogs. The Rottweiler is known for its friendly and fun-loving nature and being very obedient, child-friendly, and extremely cuddly.

Despite its natural calm temperament, in many countries, these qualities have been discredited and classified as a dangerous breed. In inaction and horror movies, the Rottweiler is often seen as an aggressive beast always ready to bite. Even in the real world, there is a cliche that this breed of dog is prone to attack.

However, the blame for these beliefs rests with their former owners, who trained Rottweilers to be biting machines by treating them carelessly and recklessly. This distorted view of Rottweilers is compounded by ignorance regarding educating them, which has led to their aggressive character being exposed.

Thus, the calm nature of these dogs can evolve and become more aggressive depending on the specific behavior of their owner, as is the case with most breeds of animals.


If we leave the Rottweiler in responsible and experienced hands to receive the proper training, it can become an obedient, docile dog with great devotion to work. This is no more dangerous than a similarly sized dog, plus well-bred and socialized Rottweilers will make loyal family pets. Even if he only follows the orders of the “leader” of the family, he will be equally faithful and loving to the rest of the members.

The Rottweiler will approach children with a friendly and caring attitude. Living with other animals will not generally be a problem once you get used to them either. Although its strong and muscular body does not suggest it, the indoor Rottweiler is characterized by being a calm and peaceful dog that all wants are to nap.

On the other hand, this very energetic dog steps up his pace whenever he wants to! Rottweilers love to play, run outside, and enjoy creative exercise programs that give them a chance to burn off energy.

Sports activities greatly benefit the Rottweiler’s health. If they have proper mental stimulation and physical stimulation, these dogs naturally become more relaxed and manageable. It follows that Rottweilers, on rare occasions, become nervous or aggressive. Although they are wary when meeting a stranger, they will simply remain distant and reserved if they have received a good education.

Its strong protective instinct, its courageous character, and, above all, its great physical strength make this breed capable of defending and protecting its belongings or its owners whenever they ask for it. Above all, Rottweilers feel like their primary duty is to do whatever work is entrusted to them, making them the perfect service, working, or life partner dogs.

Appearance Of The Rottweiler

The Rottweiler has the optimal characteristics to work as a police dog or detection dog in the police or military forces, thanks to its musculature and its wide jaw with 42 teeth that inspire respect as soon as you see it. His strong and heavy body is full of strength and vitality. Despite its short build, straight and firm back, and broad, deep chest, the Rottweiler does not convey clumsiness, quite the opposite. His confident trot and energetic ankles are proof of this dog’s great agility and endurance.

Male Rottweilers usually measure between 61 and 88 cm and weigh around 50 kg, whereas females, which are slightly smaller and lighter, have a height of between 56 and 63 cm at the withers and are 42 kg. Its dense and short coat is divided into two layers: the upper and the lower. Its shiny black hair is full of reddish-brown spots on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest, and legs and above the eyes and under the tail. The triangular, pendulous ears of the high-set Rottweiler are mid-distance from the skull. Its well-developed nose is broad and round, making it ideal as a sniffer dog. Also, his lips and gums are dark.

Rottweiler - Dog Breed Information - Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

History And Origin Of The Rottweiler

The strength, agility, and vitality of Rottweilers were greatly appreciated in Roman times. Roman shepherds used the ancestors of these cattle and herding dogs. The rottweiler is, therefore, one of the oldest breeds in the world. The Roman legionaries sent the herds to the different markets of the Roman Empire with the help of these loyal and fearless dogs.

These ancestors of the Rottweiler could have worked in the imperial city of Rottweil, an important center of cattle trade of the XIX century, and that, consequently, would give its name to this breed. Rottweil cattle and sheep were moved to Breisgau, Alsace, and the Neckar area. The livestock trade relied on local butchers, who recognized the usefulness of Rottweilers early on and began to breed them as working dogs.

Over the centuries, this breed began to be bred specifically for its endurance, herding ability, and great intelligence, and they were known as “butcher dogs.” Thanks to their persistent vigilance, unconditional protection, and enormous devotion to work, these dogs became indispensable to local butchers. These served as sheepdogs and offered protection to their owners by keeping thieves and predators of their properties at bay.

In medieval markets, where cattle traders and butchers gathered to sell their wares, the mighty Rottweiler, who was always on the alert, wore a leather satchel around his neck with the money raised to ward off even the cleverest of losers.

At the end of the Middle Ages, the well-known Rottweilers spread from the Rottweil market in Baden-Wurttemberg to other regions. However, shortly after this dispersal began, these dogs lost their original task as drivers of large herds of cattle. The reason is that with the arrival of the railroad and other vehicles, the transport of livestock became more efficient, faster, and easier so that Rottweilers were no longer necessary for herding work. However, unlike other sheepdogs, Rottweilers remained a well-known breed.

Rottweiler - Dog Breed Information - Temperament, Characteristics, Facts, Tips, Personality, History, Health, Appearance

At the beginning of the 20th century, the police began to evaluate which dog would be most useful. The Rottweiler was defined as one of the most appropriate, and soon after, in 1910, it was officially recognized as a police and detection dog. Until today, the police and customs control services take advantage of the qualities of this breed.

Breeding And Training

The breeding period is critical for a Rottweiler to develop the skills necessary for future service work. Breeders must pay attention to the bravery and strength of their dogs, as well as their psychological endurance and self-control of nerves. However, what will determine that a Rottweiler is a loyal co-worker who can be trusted will be the serenity and confidence that the owner has.

This control of nerves and temperament makes the Rottweiler a suitable dog for family living. But for all these breed qualities to occur, Rottweilers must be raised properly and responsibly; although it is also essential that they be trained and socialized with other dogs from the time they are puppies. Every Rottweiler puppy loves to surround himself with and learn from other dogs.

However, this type of dog is so energetic and vigorous that it is necessary to indicate the limits it should not exceed from a very young age. It is essential that, during the first nine months of life, the little Rottweiler learns to control its strength and follow its owner’s instructions. On the other hand, these dogs should be integrated into their new family as soon as possible, as they tend to be quite suspicious.

So, caution and patience are needed in the first contact with strangers to get used to these new situations. Because the Rottweiler naturally has a powerful protective instinct, only through proper and constant education will this dog bring out his friendlier and more cuddly side as a family dog. If you educate and socialize your dog from an early age, you will get a loyal and loving companion who will remain by your side at all times, something essential for every dog ​​lover.

It goes without saying that Rottweilers are not suitable for everyone. This breed of dog requires an owner who has expertise in breeding Rottweilers and is also calm and prudent. Those dogs brimming with self-confidence will not submit to any orders from owners with insecure or nervous personalities.

Health Issues And Care

Irresponsible and inappropriate breeding by inexperienced hands can lead a Rottweiler to develop aggressive behavior patterns, often including, as mentioned above, biting due to genetic health. In Spain, the Rottweiler has been classified within the list of dangerous dog breeds, which means that the owners of these dogs are subject to many restrictions. For example, they must acquire a psychological and physical certificate for the possession of these animals.

When it comes to training, Rottweilers are particularly demanding. However, the physical care of these dogs is, on the contrary, quite simple. Their short coat doesn’t need to be brushed very often and should only be massaged with rubber gloves when shedding, this is to remove dead hair. The Rottweiler has great resistance to diseases thanks to its robust and muscular body.

On the other hand, as happens with other dogs of similar weight and dimensions, the Rottweiler tends to suffer from joint dysplasia of the hip and elbow (DCC and DC), for this reason, it is essential to give feed especially suitable for them such as Royal Canin special Rottweiler. The German Rottweiler Club provides skeletal framework standards and breeding tests that reveal a genetic predisposition to such diseases as hip dysplasia. In recent years, heart disease and cardiac arrest have also been diagnosed in Rottweilers.

In general, as with humans, the risk of disease can be decreased by following a proper and nutritious diet and a balanced exercise program. Rottweilers that live together as a family and are not engaged in any specific job need to be physically and mentally stimulated. Their great obedience, trialability, and agility allow them to participate in various dog competitions.

Rottweilers also love to go for a run with their owners, not because they need to cover a minimum distance, but because they feel useful having accomplished a task. Doing activities in which both of you can participate greatly reinforces human-dog bonds.

People with the time and passion for dedicating themselves to this multi-challenged breed, provide it with consistent and appropriate education, a close family relationship, and comprehensive mental and physical stimulation will earn a faithful Rottweiler for life. This will not just be a guard dog, but a great unconditional, friendly and noble friend.

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