The terrier dog breeds are a very diverse group ranging from small to large in size. Some of the dogs within this breed have long, smooth coats while other dogs within this breed are characterized by their short and wiry coats. With so many different terrier breeds to choose from, you should have no problem finding a dog that fits your lifestyle. Many of the terrier breeds make great family pets! Below, we have compiled a list of the most popular terrier breeds.
This hardy breed of dog has a curly, hard, and wiry coat with only blacks and gold browns. In addition, they have V-shaped ears that fold over. Without a doubt, we are talking about a strong and well-muscled animal with a maximum height to the withers of just over 60 cm. The sexual dimorphism of these terriers is well pronounced, and the females are considerably smaller than the males. It is a very proportionate dog with short, vee-bent ears and small feet, and a short, straight back.
Its tail is strong; it is born very high and is usually vertical. Its “whiskers” and its long head with a prominent snout and black or brown nose are its main characteristic. The Airedale Terrier has small black eyes that denote all the intelligence that these animals can develop.
The Airedale Terrier also has an outer coat that is very resistant to inclement weather and water, and a second layer underneath that is much smoother and shorter. Unfortunately, this configuration will force you to take your pet to the groomer to have its coat cut twice a year. You can also do it at home, but it is not recommended for beginners.
The Airedale Terrier is a very faithful and smart breed with a great personality. We do not advise the Airedale to “first-time” owners who have never raised dogs before, as it has many personalities and likes to do things on its own without the owner. It is somewhat “stubborn” and needs authority when it comes to socializing it. They are a breed in which their early education is critical. Please, do not leave it at home for a long time.
Miniature English Bull Terrier
The Miniature English Bull Terrier is a miniature version of the bull terrier with several defining characteristics like its size, energy levels, and personality. Miniature Bull Terriers are cheerful and active pets, enjoying long walks and frequent mental stimulation.
The Mini Bull Terrier became popular in the 80s due to an advertisement for an isotonic drink that featured the image of this breed. The advertisement displayed a dog that was cunning and mischievous, however, this did not even come close to capturing what a cunning and independent thinker the Mini Bull Terrier truly is.
The Mini Bull Terrier is a dog with a great personality. Let’s not forget that it is a Terrier and, therefore, a breed that will not be content with a couple of walks a day. That is why it is very suitable for large families who have the time and desire to train and give them plenty of exercise. If you have patience, a great sense of humor, and the ability to offer consistent training, the Mini Bull Terrier may be just the dog for you!
They can easily adapt to whatever environment they are in, making them great animals for rural or city living. However, it is not recommended to keep your Mini Bull Terrier confined in a small area. Another factor to consider in regard to the Mini Bull Terrier is that they tend to have a powerful protective instinct and will sometimes bark at strangers either at home or on a walk. However, this can be solved with obedience training starting when the Mini Bull Terrier is a puppy.
The Scottish Terrier, also called “Scottie,” is a small breed of dog with a large personality. They typically weigh between nine and eleven kilos and have an outer coat that needs to be brushed daily. In addition to daily brushing, you should take your Scottish Terrier to the groomer once or twice a year for a thorough cleaning.
The Scottish Terrier was made famous in the Disney animated film “Lady and the Tramp.” However, they were originally raised to hunt foxes and badgers. Hence their fondness for digging and chasing other animals. Having a healthy Scottie requires you to provide them with proper socialization starting when they are a puppy. Otherwise, they can become defensive and distrustful of new people entering your home.
The Scottish Terrier is a very playful dog and is very good with children, making them a great family pet. They are somewhat energetic dogs and require at least two walks a day. This loyal and brilliant dog will surely become your best friend, always sticking by your side.
Scottish Terries tend to be stubborn dogs which makes it somewhat difficult to train them. However, with patience and continued positive reinforcement, they are eager to learn. In addition to their brilliance, they have tremendous hearing and are able to recognize your footsteps before you even enter the door to your home. They love chasing animals and will always keep your house free of any pests that may wander in.
The Border Terrier is a breed of dog that is many centuries old, and it owes its name thanks to the fact that they lived on the border between Scotland and England; making the Border Terrier a definite European breed of dog.
The ancestors of the Border Terrier were dedicated to helping their owners take care of sheep, hunt, and run through the meadows in search of small prey used for the sustenance of the family. It is possible that the dogs of that time were different from now, although many of the characteristics that the Border Terrier has today are similar to that of the dogs found in Scottish highlands.
Therefore, if you have a dog and you think it is of the Border Terrier breed, you must know its characteristics, origin, ways of caring for it, in addition to health and what diseases they are prone to since it will help you know how to properly deal with them.
The Border Terrier has a large head and a rather short snout with prominent round eyes. The dog breed is not necessarily small as they do not fall in the category of ta oy dog breed. They have a tall and elongated body that makes them worthy of being among the small and mighty breeds. Their legs are thin and strong, allowing them to run at high speeds; this was one of the reasons they were particularly good at hunting.
The Border Terrier has ears that are relatively small compared to the size of their heads. The ears tend to fall forward giving them a puppy dog look. Their wiry coat is hard and thick and typically is seen in red, yellow, orange, gray, or black.
American Pit Bull Terrier
Pit Bulls inevitably resemble American Staffordshire Terriers: the Pit Bull is a muscular and compact dog, standing about 53 cm tall at the withers and weight of approximately 27 kilos. A stocky head with drooping semi-pricked ears is characteristic, as long as they have not been cut off to give the dog a more dangerous appearance (a practice that is fortunately prohibited in most European countries).
The short coat can be of any color. Only combinations with merle are not recognized. Since different mixed-breed dogs are called Pit Bulls in Europe, a more detailed description is not necessary in these cases. What matters is that in some countries, it is enough that a dog’s appearance is similar to that of a pit bull to be denied entry.
The past associated with horrendous dogfighting, on the one hand, and irresponsible caretakers, on the other, have greatly discredited the Pit Bull. The truth is that poorly socialized Pit Bulls can be very aggressive towards people and animals because they are fearless and ready to attack (which they were bred for previously). However, as for humans, this race is usually quite subdued, which was necessary in times of fighting, as a person had to separate them without being attacked.
As with most of these dogs, the pit bull shows that danger emanates from the other end of its leash, that is, from the person who breeds or cares for it. That is why American pit bulls that have been thoroughly socialized are considered tame.
Together with their intelligent nature and joviality, they are ideal dogs for sports families and good companions for children. However, their subordination is a quality that makes them poor watchdogs. In general, in this breed or its variants, the origin, socialization, and education determine factors for a relaxed coexistence. If one of these pillars wobbles, the dog can become dangerous, so inexperienced people should not take this risk.
The Yorkshire Terrier is much more than just a lap dog, although the characteristic bows in its hair give a different impression. Behind his coquetry hides a fighter’s soul. With courage, self-confidence, and passion, this little canine will fearlessly face any breed of dog, regardless of size.
The little Yorkshire Terrier tends to overestimate himself in his encounters with other dogs, believing himself to be much bigger than he is. He faces mastiffs and even German Shepherds with energy and impudence, showing his barking, which is the boss in this territory. If necessary, he defends his family and home tooth and nail, even when he has everything to lose. If you are thinking of acquiring a Yorkshire terrier as a family dog, it is recommended that you control its exaggerated desire for domination from puppyhood.
With a height of 18-23 cm and a maximum weight (according to the breed standard) of 3.2 kg, it is one of the smallest breeds in the world. Its small body is covered by long, smooth, and fine hair, almost completely covering its straight legs. Although some show Yorkshire Terriers may have their hair down to the ground, it should never impede their freedom of movement.
The FCI (Federation Cynological Internationale) breed standard recognizes only one combination: the head and chest are covered in golden color. The mantle, from occiput to root of tail, is steel blue. The golden color should be darker at the roots and lighten as it reaches the ends. Any other key is considered a failure.
Jack Russell Terrier
The Jack Russell Terrier spends all his excursions discovering and sniffing close to the ground. The height at the withers of the animated dog is between 25 and 30 centimeters. The ideal weight is 5-6 kilos. Due to its short legs, it is longer than it is wide. The contour of its chest is between 40 and 43 centimeters, which is important in this breed, especially for its use as a hunting dog in burrows since a wider chest would not allow it to run between fox burrows. The V-shaped ears are lowered forward. When the furry runs around, something he likes to do quite often, the tail is erect, and when he’s calm, he points down.
Another characteristic of the breed is the combination of coat colors, where white predominates with markings or spots of different shades such as black, brown, or fawn. The spots can be spread out similarly to cows (it is considered quite concise and bold when they have a spot that surrounds one eye), but white always has to prevail. The hair can be straight, hard, or semi-hard.
The Jack Russell Terrier is small and lovable, but he has the heart of a hardworking hunter. This combination often causes this breed’s need for exercise to be underestimated. This quadruped is lively, very active, and anything but lazy. The temperamental dog is also characterized by having an iron will.
Although it is considered a breed that loves children, you must be careful, especially with the little ones. Aside from a consistent education, this little dog needs exercise, exercise, and more exercise! If he is well socialized, he gets along quite well with other dogs, but with small animals or cats, especially when they are not part of the family, he can overcome his hunting instinct. A balanced Jack Russell Terrier is a joy to anyone: friendly, open, adventurous, and hard-working.
Kerry Blue Terrier
The Kerry Blue Terrier is a medium-sized dog, weighing between 15 and 18 kilograms in males, with females being slightly below their male counterparts. In the case of males, the height at the withers usually ranges between 45 and 49.5 centimeters, while in females, it is between 44 and 48 centimeters, with some sexual dimorphism. The life expectancy of the Kerry Blue Terrier breed is between 12-15 years.
He has a compact, muscular body with straight lines and a wide and deep chest. The tail, medium insertion, is thin, looking erect almost all the time. The limbs are agile, light, and have a well-developed musculature, ending in compact feet, with black nails and round and resistant pads. The head is broad and strong, more so in males, and it is covered with a lot of hair. Likewise, it sports a slight stop with a large black truffle. Her eyes are medium, dark, usually black, dark brown, or hazel in color and have a shrewd look.
If there is something that stands out above the rest, it is its fur. The wavy coat is dense and thick, with a soft touch and a wavy shape. Also, the Kerry Blue Terrier is one of the so-called hypoallergenic dogs and one of the dogs with the least body odor, making them a good option for allergy sufferers. Finally, the particular cut that this dog breed usually wears stands out, in which the short body coat is shown and a long beard and “long eyebrows” are also kept quite long.
The color collected in the official standard of the Kerry Blue Terrier is blue in any of its shades, with or without black spots. In specimens with fewer than 18 months, it is accepted that there are slight reddish tones or that they are black.
West Highland White Terrier
Despite its size, it is impossible not to see it: its pure white coat glows from afar, and the dark eyes and black nose give it its characteristic look. The upper coat is comprised of coarse and uncurled hairs about 5 centimeters long. Underneath is a dense and soft undercoat. The small ears and the tail of up to 15 centimeters are erect. This snow-white beauty has a height at the withers of up to 28 centimeters and weighs between 7 and 10 kilos.
Under the pretty coat of the West Highland White Terrier hides high self-esteem. The breed is considered fearless and quite intolerant of unfamiliar dogs. West Highland White Terriers are close to people and tend to bond very closely with their families. However, with strangers, they prefer to keep their distance.
Westies are usually easy to teach, cheerful, and playful. They make good watchdogs, but some tend to bark a lot because their craving for exercise and entertainment isn’t covered. After all, a busy Westy doesn’t tend to overdo it on the barking.
The Norfolk Terrier is a small breed of dog that is characterized by its wire-haired cost. This coat, according to kennel club standards, can be any shade of red, wheaten, black, tan, or grizzled. The Norfolk Terrier is the smallest of the working terrier breeds. These little balls of energy are quite active and love a good run around your yard or outdoor adventure.
The Norfolk Terrier is a strong and sturdy little dog with a head that is slightly round. They have a wedge-shaped muzzle with small oval-shaped eyes. Their eyes are usually dark in color. They have small ears that cling tightly to their face; giving them a very cute and cuddly appearance.
Their wiry double coat keeps them well protected from debris that they encounter in their environment. Their coat is usually around two inches long, however, it is a bit longer around the neck and shoulder region. Like other dog breeds, their hair is also a bit longer on the back of their legs and on their face in the eyebrow region.
These dogs are very playful and can sometimes be a bit mischievous. You may find that they steal your shoes and then want you to chase them around the house until you catch them and retrieve your shoes from their small grip. However, if he wants to keep them for himself, you may find that he finds a spot to bury them to hide them from you!
The Norfolk Terrier is a fearless breed of dog that does not let its small size stop him. They love to interact with their owners and love to play with children, making them a great family pet. The Norfolk Terrier enjoys consent attention from its human counterparts. They do not like to be left alone for extended periods of time; if they are left alone for too long, they are known to develop separation anxiety and other subsequent behavior issues.
The Fox Terrier dog breed is one of the most sociable and popular breeds that exist. However, they tend to be stubborn, so training is necessary, starting with puppies. They tend to be strong and independent characters. We have compiled a list of all of the defining characteristics of the Fox Terrier in this article.
The Fox Terrier is one of the most popular dog breeds on the planet and makes excellent farm dogs. They are a small breed of brilliant and energetic dogs, needing a lot of physical exercise. However, they can easily adapt to home routines and are very loyal to their owners. In addition, they love children, which makes them great family pets.
There are two separate breeds of Fox Terrier, the Wire Fox Terrier, and the Smooth Fox Terrier. These two separate breeds share many common characteristics as they descended from the same parent breed.
The Wire Fox Terrier has an abundant, thick, and dense double coat type. On the other hand, Smooth Fox Terriers have a hard but very smooth and dense coat type. Among the most common colors of the Wire and Smooth Fox Terriers, as stated by the Kennel Club of England, are:
Smooth Hair Coated Fox Terrier: among the colors that stand are black and white, brown and white, tricolor, white, black and white, and white and tan.
Wire Hair Coated Fox Terrier: among the most common colors are tricolor, tan white, black and tan white, black and white, black-brown and white, black white and tan, and brown and white.
Fox Terriers weigh between 7 and 8 kilos, being strong, muscular, and short. The Fox Terrier has very defined features and is on average 39 centimeters in height; however, female Fox Terriers tend to be a little smaller.